How to Restore Asphalt Driveway

Asphalt driveways are a common feature in many American homes. Over time, however, they can become worn down and cracked, making them unsightly and potentially dangerous.

Types of Asphalt Pavement Damages That Need Repair

Your asphalt pavement is constantly exposed to the elements, which can cause a variety of damage types. Here are five of the most common types of asphalt pavement damage that need to be repaired:

Alligator Cracking

One of the most severe forms of asphalt pavement deterioration is alligator cracking. It gets its name from how the driveway cracks look – like the skin of an alligator. A lack of pavement structural support causes alligator cracks.

Edge Cracking

Edge cracking occurs when there is too much weight on the edges of the asphalt pavement. The extra weight can come from vehicles driving on the shoulder or improper drainage. Edge cracks can also be caused by poor compaction during the construction process.

Fatigue Cracking

Fatigue cracking is caused by the repeated expansion and contraction of the asphalt pavement due to changes in temperature. This damage is most common in areas that experience extreme temperature swings – like the Midwest.

Joint Reflection Cracking

Joint reflection cracking occurs when cracks form in the underlying concrete layer and reflect up through the asphalt. This damage is most often caused by poor joint design or construction.


Potholes are one of the most common types of asphalt pavement damage. They are formed when water seeps into deep cracks in the pavement and expands when it freezes. Potholes can also be caused by things like heavy traffic or poor drainage.

Different Ways of Asphalt Driveway Repair

Once you’ve identified the type of damage, you can start planning your asphalt repair. There are a few ways to restore an asphalt driveway, here are the driveway maintenance depending on the severity of the damage.

Crack Filling

Crack filling is one of the easiest and most efficient ways to repair minor damage like asphalt driveway cracks. It fills in cracks and prevents further damage, making the driveway look much nicer. Crack filling involves using a flexible sealant to fill in and repair cracks or holes in the asphalt surface of the driveway.

Asphalt Milling

Asphalt milling is a process is removing and recycling asphalt that can be used to repair damage to an asphalt driveway. It involves removing the top layer of asphalt from the driveway and then replacing it with a new layer. Asphalt milling can fix minor damage, such as potholes, or more major damage, such as cracks and holes. For more significant damage, milling may be necessary.


If the damage to the pavement surface in your driveway is more severe, you may need to resurface it. Resurfacing involves laying down a new layer of fresh asphalt over the existing one. It fills in any major cracks or holes and will give your driveway a brand-new surface.


Occasionally, crumbling asphalt beneath the pavement happens due to poor drainage installation. Damage to your driveway may be so severe that resurfacing will not be enough. If this is the case, you will need to replace the entire driveway. It is a major project requiring professional help, but it will ensure that your driveway is in good condition for many years.


Over time, exposure to the elements can cause an asphalt driveway to lose color and become dull. A seal coat can be applied to restore the original color and protect the driveway from further damage.

Hiring a Professional Paving Contractor

When repairing or replacing an asphalt driveway, hiring a professional paving contractor is important. A professional will have the experience and equipment necessary to do the job correctly. They will also be able to advise on which repair or replacement method is best for your particular situation.

If you need asphalt driveway repair or replacement, contact Bluff City Paving, a professional paving contractor in Memphis, TN. We provide quality asphalt paving services to both residential and commercial customers. We can help you choose the best option for repairing or replacing your damaged driveway. Call us today for a free estimate and get started with your Memphis, TN, project.